Leadership styles and management theories

Hi everyone!

Welcome to my blog. In this blog you will find various type of leadership styles and their impact on two different organisations and also some management styles and theories which helps businesses to make effective judgements.




Leader is an individual who leads you and takes you there you will not go by yourself by motivating you and by inspiring you. Leader can also define as persuading others to follow a certain track.

According to Adeoye Mayowa (2009) Leadership is the capability to appraise or predict a long term strategy or procedure and encourage the supporters to the success of the said strategy.

There are different types of leadership styles I have briefly explained some of them below.

Transactional leadership:



This leadership style also known as managerial leadership its emphases on role of supervision and also it is based on reward and punishment. For motivating the followers’ leader sets specific tasks and promising them for rewards if they perform well and when employees fail managers motivate them.

Transformational leadership:




Transformational leadership is a style of leadership where the leader is recognising the desired change, generating an image to tell the change through motivation, and implement the change between team members.

According to James McGregor

Leaders and their supporters increase one another to advanced levels of morality and motivation.

Laissez-faire leadership:



This French phrase means “leave it be”. This style of leadership allows employees to have full liberty to make choices regarding the accomplishment of their task. It lets supporters a great degree of self-sufficiency and autonomy, whereas at the similar spell offering direction and support when they ask otherwise they don’t get involved. This style of leadership can lead to high job gratification but it can destroy the company if employees don’t manage their time efficiently.

Sports direct is a well-known retailor and have many branches so it is based upon Transactional leadership style. “Transactional leaders fundamentally exert their impact over their staff by reinforcing their behaviours whichever positively or negatively depending on whether or not their staffs achieves according to the leader’s prospects and needs” (Passmore, 2010) (p. 213). This style gives chance to employees explore their ideas but at the decision taken by leader.

This style is not much effective for sports direct because as a retailer shop they need to motivate their employees and if any change occur they need to tell employees through motivation so transformational leadership style might suit the sports direct.

Gold gym is also a famous business. It has branches all over the world. This gym is based on Laissez-fair leadership style because there all staff just doing whatever they want because of this some staff member not giving their best performance because lack of check and balance. They already has defined their job which is somehow does not suit that business employer need to set a system that if they do their work efficiently they will get a price just to motivate them so Gold gym needs to move to Transactional style in order to work more effectively.

Underpinning Management theory:

Henri Fayol described management as “To manage is to forecast and to plan, to organise, to command, to co-ordinate and to control”.

Douglas McGregor was one the writer who came up with management theories known as Theory x and Theory Y managers. If you think that your group members hate their work then you will lean towards an authoritarian management style on the other side if you believe that workers loves to do their job you will be likely to to adopt a more participative management style. These theories have been very successful among businesses.



Theory X:



According to McGregor theory x workers considered lazy, naturally unmotivated and not happy with their job and this inspires an authoritarian management style. Theory X businesses required top heavy and strict managers and supervisors because they have to keep an eye on their staff.

Basic Assumption of theory X employees:

Not like their job, no motivation, lazy, avoid responsibility, need to supervise at every step and no ambition.

Theory Y:



It is a participative style of management and also de-centralised. It assumes that workers are self-motivated, innovative and they like their job and also they are happy to have responsibility. Theory Y employees do not require external control to do their work. They assume that staff has required skills and knowledge about their work.

Assumption of theory Y employees:

Motivated, like their job, Ambitious, can take responsibility and more creative.


Types of management styles:

There are many management styles has been introduced some of them discussed below.

Democratic management style:




In this style of management managers allows their staff and subordinate to take part in decision making although final decision based on majority and communication has wide in this style so any one can have their say.

Persuasive management style:

Manager has the full control on decision making although mangers spend more time to convince their staff about that decision which have been made. A persuasive manager is more attentive of their staff but in this style there is no interference from employees. This management style is helpful when complex task need to be carried out.

Mintzberg Managerial Roles

According to Mintzberg manager has different roles in organisation.

  • Interpersonal roles:



This role involves giving information and thoughts.


  • Figurehead:

Do certain lawful and public responsibilities as a representative leader. For example greetings people, sign legal documents.

  • Leader:

Motivate’ guide and train staff.

  • Liaison:

                Build and maintain contacts inside and outside of the organisation.


  • Informational Roles:



  • Monitor:

               Find and get work related information.

  • Disseminator:

Communicate information with others inside the company.


Communicate information outside the company on behalf of organisation.








  • Decisional roles:



  • Disturbance Handler:

Deals with issues and take require action to make them correct.

  • Entrepreneur:

                      Find new ideas and bring changes.

  • Resource allocator:

Allocate resources appropriate place in organisation.

  • Negotiator:

                       Negotiate issues on behalf of company.

Sports direct is based on theory X because their leader stop and control them all the time therefore staff really not like their job company need to switch theory Y because if staff would be motivate then they can work more effectively. Whereas Gold GYM based on theory Y which is somehow good but company need to set some targets in order to be more efficient.



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